The empirical analyses rest on election survey data collected in democratic countries around the world between 2005 and 2017 to understand protest voting as a strategic signal, and the conditions under which it occurs. The main results show that protest voting can indeed be a strategic signal. This finding challenges the predominant view in the literature and the public discourse of protest voters as aimless, frustrated voters.
About the author
Christian H. Schimpf is a full-time research associate at the University of Alberta, Canada. His research focuses on electoral behavior, public opinion, and populism in a comparative perspective and his work has appeared, among others, in the American Political Science Review, the Canadian Journal of Political Science, and Political Studies.